Carpets have long become an important decorative detail in any cozy interior. In addition to the aesthetic function, the carpets provide acoustic and thermal insulation. That’s why many people can not imagine a comfortable interior without a soft carpet, which is so nice to walk barefoot. We will see the different types of ethnic rugs and how contemporary homes can be incorporated.
Carpets and carpets date back to antiquity when they were used to decorate and heat any home, from the yurts of the nomadic peoples to the luxurious rooms of the imperial palaces. The oldest surviving carpet in Central Asia dates back to the 5th century BC. But for thousands of years rugs were a sign of prosperity and social status. Persia is considered the cradle of carpets and for centuries the East has been the leading carpet supplier in the world. Stupendous Kashmir silk carpets, woolen carpets from Iran, Turkey and Pakistan decorated the floors and walls of homes far beyond Asia. Fashion trends come and go and, fortunately, the times when rugs were considered old-fashioned belong to the past. Today there is a wide selection of carpets of any style and for every taste and designer they often use the carpet as a focal point in the interior design
To begin with, we must answer the question what are the ethnic rugs and how do you recognize them? Experts discuss the concept of “ethnic” with respect to models and prints. There are many ethnic groups and tribes all over the world and it is not possible to classify all the different models, colors and styles. However, if you use the geographical principle, you can define different types of ethnic carpets: Persian, Turkish, Moroccan, Mexican, Indian, Chinese, Aztec, Scandinavian, etc.
Why choose ethnic rugs to decorate a modern home?
Ethnic motifs occupy a high position in clothing, accessories and, of course, in interior design trends. In our fast-paced world with an abundance of metal, asphalt and cutting-edge technology, people have started looking for something simple and welcoming, something that takes them back to their roots and helps them find inner balance and harmony when they arrive home. Obviously, we are used to the welfare of the benefits of civilization, so living the lifestyle of our ancestors in a rebuilt house is not only impossible but laborious and expensive. However, we can use various combinations of colors and traditional patterns in the furnishing of our home as a link and link to the past.
Ethnic rugs are a great way to add character, style and individuality to any home. Nothing adds more identity and home comfort to the interior like a carpet with ethnic ornaments. Rich and intense colors, warm colors and dynamic lines and designs give an unforgettable impression. Another advantage of ethnic rugs – they blend organically into completely different interiors in a variety of decorating styles such as rustic, boho chic, eclectic, eco-style and even in contemporary design.
In addition to the character, an ethnic carpet creates an atmosphere of warmth and comfort with natural tones, natural material and simple patterns. The ethnic motifs are very graphic and will be a perfect addition and highlight in every home and, if you plan a monochromatic color scheme, an ethnic carpet will make it more harmonious and whole.
One of the main advantages of authentic ethnic rugs is that they are made of natural materials and nowadays designers and decorators pay special attention to naturalness. Eco-style and natural materials are at the height of popularity and a vintage carpet works with natural fabrics, leather, wood, metal, etc.
Another advantage for choosing an ethnic rug is that it is an original and elegant addition to the eclectic – a harmonious blend of elements of different styles. These interiors offer a lot of freedom for creativity and you can use the rug as a highlight inside.
What are the most popular types of ethnic rugs?
The ethnic carpets make the living space more welcoming and perhaps the reason for this is the magic of traditional ornaments. Let’s take a look at the most popular types of ethnic rugs and their main features.
Persian rugs – Persia is an ancient country and we have all heard about it in fairy tales. Persian carpets are inextricably linked to the history of the ancient country and the art of weaving carpets has been handed down from generation to generation. The carpet was the most expensive family value that showed the richness and nobility of the family name. Nowadays, “Persian carpets” is used as a term referring to products from Iran, they are considered the national heritage of Iran. The production of carpets is an integral part of the culture of this country and some Iranian families still transmit the secrets of ancient masters from generation to generation and each region has its own distinctive style and patterns. Usually, carpet designs take their name from the particular region, village or tribe, for example: Tabriz, Isfahan, Qum, Gabe, etc.
Typically, Persian rugs are made of woolen yarn and the design has four main reasons: all-over, central locket, compartment and one-sided. A distinctive feature of Persian rugs is their appearance. Most plant and animal motifs prevail in design. Another distinctive feature of Persian rugs is the contrast. The typical colors are deep indigo blue, red, ivory, sage green, golden yellow. The handmade carpets are priced high, but having in mind that these are unique rugs, made of natural materials and will keep their colors for centuries, the cost is more than an investment than an expense.
Moroccan rugs and the special charm of simplicity
Moroccan rugs are appreciated for their dynamic colors and bold geometric patterns. They are unique and their history can be traced back to the 7th century AD. Were the women to weave rugs and have handed down their knowledge and traditions of production of carpets, weaving techniques, patterns and colors familiar from generation to generation. The main features of Moroccan rugs are the simple geometric patterns, the dynamic colors and the abstract design, the simplicity that has a special charm. Moroccan rugs were traditionally woven by Berber tribes that used them as curtains, bed covers, mattresses, saddle blankets and the simplicity of design makes them so attractive. One of the largest Berber settlements is in Morocco and today the country is one of the leading producers of Berber carpets. These rugs have stood the test of time and thanks to their simplicity, they will be the perfect accent in every interior of the house.
Turkish rugs – ancient traditions of carpet weaving and modern technology
Since ancient times, Turkey is famous for its exclusive carpet products. The Turkish masters create the most elegant and high quality rugs that can decorate any room. Turkish rugs made of wool are known for their durability, durability and warmth. Thanks to the properties of natural wool, the carpets are characterized by a high density, which is an indicator of high quality and durability, maintain an optimal microclimate in the room and isolate the noise. The Turkish carpets are a favorite of designers and decorators because they are very original, resistant and visually pleasing to the eye. Authentic handmade rugs are a precious resource for collections of sophisticated connoisseurs of art and collectors of antiquities.
Depending on the material, there are different types of rugs: carpets made of natural wool, carpets woven with natural silk threads (silk), carpets with a cotton base and wool fleece. Ornament is one of the most important features of Turkish carpets. All the ornaments are completely different and present a huge variety of lines, geometric figures, plant elements, symbols and signs. And one has a special meaning that makes the Turkish rugs truly unique. Another feature of the Turkish rugs is their distinctive color palette. The traditional colors of Turkish rugs are all shades of red and beige-brown. The red color and its various shades symbolize joy, luck and wealth while the beige-brown tones are symbols of peace and tranquility. Naturally, each region has its motifs and motifs, plant and animal ornaments. Some of the most famous regions in which works of art are produced are:
- Bergama region with its typical black, red, green, blue, yellow and pink colors;
- Konya rugs, recognizable with the predominance of pastel colors;
- Kula rugs – strong geometric design and intense colors in earth tones – rust, green, gold and blue that blend with pastel colors;
- The carpets of Milas are characterized by dominant geometric designs and are mainly used in different shades of brown, gray, brick red.
- Oushak rugs – famous for the extraordinary variety of floral patterns and compositions.
Handmade Turkish rugs are considered one of the most beautiful and popular of both ancient and modern models.
Indian rugs are unique and add a touch of luxury to the interior. Historically, carpet weaving was introduced in India in the 16th century by the great tycoon Akbar, who invited Persian artisans and weavers to produce carpets for his palace. Initially the carpets were woven with Persian patterns, but later Indian original patterns were developed. Indian rugs can be chosen for the only type of art, because they are mainly hand-woven, and each product has its own color, pattern or ornament. The cities of Srinagar, Amritsar and Agra are known as centers of weaving of high quality carpets.
Indian rugs are light, colorful, bright, with an unusual pattern, strong, durable and very pleasant to the touch. Traditional designs present a variety of colors: silver and gold, yellow, purple, sky blue and dark blue, green, brown and white. This diversity reflects the internal and external world of India as the nature of the country is so interesting and colorful. A carpet of this type is universal and the richness of colors is an immediate visual appeal in every interior and in a modern home it is possible to use it as a focal point for designs of different styles.
The Mexican carpets made by the Zapotec weavers in the Oaxaca region are famous all over the world for their unique colors and patterns. The traditional motifs in a Zapotec rug are glyphs, pierced animals and idols and represent the history and culture of Teotitlan Del Valle. Elements of the natural and mystical world like butterflies, lightnings, mountains, rain, birds, stars, a cactus flower, the sun and the moon, the snail caracol which symbolizes communication, numerology, etc. They are included in the design of the carpets and give a special character to each rug.
The modern interior design offers a variety of styles that focus on deep colors filled with life and energy. Handmade ethnic rugs will not only be an exceptional decorative element, but will surely become a family heirloom.